Encyclopedia of Continental Army Units Battalions, Regiments and Independent Corps

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Heavier books and book sets may require additional postage. Returns are acce Shipping costs are based on books weighing 2. If your book order is heavy or oversized, we may contact you to let you know extra shipping is required. List this Seller's Books. Payment Methods accepted by seller. AbeBooks Bookseller Since: 19 September Stock Image. Published by Stackpole, Condition: near fine Hardcover. The third unit, designated as a regiment of mounted riflemen, was also adopted retroactively into the Continental Line on November 12, , and designated the Third South Carolina Regiment of Rangers.

The Second Provincial Congress of South Carolina authorized a fourth regiment, an artillery unit, on November 13, , and two additional infantry regiments in late February Composed of three Charleston artillery companies, the Fourth South Carolina Regiment Artillery was placed on the Continental Establishment on June 18, , and in October two independent artillery companies from Georgetown and Beaufort were added to its ranks.

Additionally, all six units participated in the disastrous allied siege of Savannah in October With the exception of the Fifth and Sixth Regiments, which were consolidated with the First and Second Regiments in February , all regiments of the South Carolina Continental Line were part of the American force that surrendered Charleston on May 12, Berg, Fred Anderson. When I was researching my first book, it took me deep into the town meeting minutes of Groton, Massachusetts for and it was an eye opener with regard to the demands that recruiting and equipping local soldiers had on the inhabitants.

The Provincial Congress was acting on its own by and large, separate from the Continental Congress in those early days and it facilitated a number of call ups to support Washington in late and early As a result, Groton officials had to find and send local men on no less than four separate occasions over the course of the year: 1 Lexington Alarm; 2 to assist with security as other militia units left Boston the Eight Months Men and Connecticut contingencies threatening mutiny before the Army went into existence on January 1; 3 to the Siege of Boston; and, 4 then to Mt.

Independence and Ft. Ticonderoga for security as the Northern Army retreated from Canada. Each one of these events involved no input from the Continental Congress and they imposed great stresses on the town as they came up with pay, food, equipment, etc. As time went on and other demands were made for clothing and beef to feed the national army, they found they could not meet their quota of soldiers and were forced to hire people to go to other towns to find volunteers to stand in.

A state-wide classification system was set up towns could volunteer to participate wherein the town was sectioned off according to levels of income and then they were told how many men they had to come up with. If they did not, then their taxes were raised accordingly to the amount needed to hire someone to satisfy that assessment.

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In short, the demands imposed on the towns to field and sustain militia troops posed a very real and direct hardship on townspeople. While it was certainly also difficult for the army, their problems were not of the same ilk. Militiamen were tied so much closer to their hometowns that they felt a direct connection and responsibility for having made life difficult for family and friends.

So, it seems quite natural that there would not be any correlation in competencies when comparing regulars and militia. Yes, they each wore uniforms and fought when called on, but their underlying motivations were definitely not always the same. So you are saying that militia served side by side with Continental Line soldiers during some of the battles. Christopher was in Culpeper Class 73 and Jacob was the chosen draftee from that same class for the Continental Line. Christopher is recognized on a plaque at Yorktown and Jacob is not.

Jacob was alive when his father wrote a will in May of ; however, he died before March 10th of when his wife paid the required personal property taxes. I am just trying to pin down where and possibly when my Jacob may have been killed. His wife received a pension from the State of Virginia. This pension states Jacob died while serving in the War. I have an ancestor who was born in Johnston County, North Carolina, moved to Cumberland County, NC, with his parents when he was 10 years of age and lived in North Carolina with a militia voucher from the Wilmington District in , who then migrated to Washington County, Georgia, shortly after the war, because he received 3 bounty land grants for his service in Washington County, a location that I researched to be only Georgia Continental Line recipients.

I am being told that he cannot have served two states in the Revolutionary War.

Jackson's Regiment

My question is a result of empty findings in the NARA microfilm military records of his service. Which leads me to believe that the remnants of service records are Continental Line service, possibly why I cannot find his service. Can anyone answer my question and provide a source for your answer?

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Some of these were raised as independent regiments, some were State Militia or State Line regiments that were voluntarily nominated to Continental service; but the vast majority of State regiments were raised in response to quotas passed in acts or resolutions by the Continental Congress. As the war went on the Continental Army was re-formed a couple times. The first of these was in January At that time most of the enlistments had run out, and the Continental Army was reformed into a system recommended by George Washington and adopted by Congress as legislation.

At the time of the Revolutionary War Georgia was a relatively new colony. Many of the settlers were fresh immigrants; with fresh ties to Britain.

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There were also a number of established planters along the coast whose livelihood depended on the British mercantile system. As a result, Georgia was a small state population-wise with a relatively high ratio of loyalism. These troops were authorized to be enlisted for one year, which expired in Given that your ancestor hailed from North Carolina, its likely he was recruited into one of these units. That would also fit your statement that your ancestor was discharged and then enlisted again into a different unit: his original unit may have been disbanded.

Many men throughout the war served in units from other states. It was entirely possible to be discharged from a unit from one state and then re-enlist into a unit from another state. During the war the enlistments of all regiments declined over time as men were discharged, became sick, were wounded or killed.

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As the regiments became ever smaller, there came a point where they had too few men to fight effectively. Thus, men from one area of the country might end up serving with men from other areas. Bonds of friendship and trust probably formed, and men became comfortable with officers from other states or regions. So, when it came time to re-enlist, it made sense to fall in with the men and officers you knew and trusted. It contains many names and pension applications compiled from sources other than NARA which is limited due to the archive fire of as well as British arson in I have spent a lot of time reading the Groton, Massachusetts records for this period and was surprised to find discussions about the difficulty the town had in meeting its imposed quota which came down from the provincial government.

The town was broken down into various classes and each one told to come up with a particular number of men or to provide an equivalent in feed, clothing, meat, etc. They also had the option of hiring people from outside of the town and even sent agents around the countryside to find substitutes, and which included the names of various individuals. It is also possible that there are muster rolls for the town either locally or in your state archives that can provide further details of men sent from towns into continental service.

Good luck. Lisa, Good question. I study Northern Army units, and mostly New York regiments early in the war, so I cannot help you there. You would best be helped by someone who as an expert on those regiments. This shorter service could be for months, weeks, or even just a few days.

How Was the Continental Army Structured?

Often these units included both mounted and dismounted troops that worked together as a sort of legion. In addition, there was the regular Militia that stayed close to home. All men were required to serve. These units were often used as a pool of troops to be drawn on for the various Levy units being formed. The uniformed Independent Companies that were found mostly in New York City and Albany were a sort of early-form of 19th century Marching and Chowder societies.

Mostly they were for show, but when NYC was attacked in , they took an active role and were formed into their own battalions. There were also unnumbered regiments, with only the name of the colonel. I am not at all trying to discourage you.

follow url By any stretch of the imagination it is a daunting to figure it all out…and this is only the basics for one colony. Plus, to add to the confusion, family historians can get unit names, battalions, regiments, brigades, and other such designation so buggered up that future generations of the family are looking for a non-existent Continental Regiment.

They could be looking for, say, a member of the 1st company of the 5th Anywhere regiment, but he was actually in the 1st regiment of the 5th Militia Brigade…. Your best bet is get fundamental understanding of the Continental Regiments in the area of your concern. For militia units in the Carolinas and Georgia, I am out of my league there. One could serve in one unit and when their enlistment was up, join another unit across the border.

I even know of an entire company that swapped from New York to Connecticut. One officer, I am going to write a brief article for the JAR, migrated from a New York unit to Connecticut and then another, and finally the 2nd Dragoons, a Connecticut based unit.

US Army organization terms

Have fun. Which brings me to ask another question.