For this pdf Racial Integration in Corporate America, of the host, the bodies teach not expanding the beta.
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- Racial Integration in Corporate America, 1940-1990 / Edition 1.
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Linda A. Hill David A. The Ford Foundation and the Sloan Foundation are also examples of corporate-funded entities that provided resources for the study of racial inequality. Corporate America also helped to fund business schools and related professional societies, such as the American Management Association, which carried out and disseminated research on best practices for integrating the workplace.
Pdf Racial Integration In Corporate America,
The work of these researchers helped to promote a new view of racial inequality? In chapter 5, Delton examines the rise of the human relations profession within corporations and its relation to anti-discrimination and integration efforts. Human relations professionals placed a great emphasis on the importance of training within the firm and of creating internal conditions that would promote the success of workers. This view of the operation of the? The expansion of black employment was not simply a function of finding black workers who arrived on the job with a certain set of skills.
Rather, it was a matter of hiring black workers and then providing what they needed to succeed, which included training but also an atmosphere in which their presence would be accepted, or at least tolerated, by white co-workers:? It required fundamental changes in personnel management?
Delton illustrates the development of these practices at two firms in the s and s? International Harvester and Pitney-Bowes. In neither case were these efforts immediately successful. More black workers were hired, but turnover rates remained rather high, and training costs were substantial. Still, Delton argues that there were long-term effects of these practices in that they prepared firms to implement the anti-discrimination and contract compliance policies to come. Chapters 6 through 9 examine the post period, when these more ambitious anti-discrimination policies were enacted by state and federal governments.
Chapter 6 reviews some of the history of state fair employment practice commissions as well as the Kennedy-era? Plans for Progress?
Chapter 7 then returns the focus to private-sector actors, examining the evolution of the National Association of Manufacturers? NAM position on anti-discrimination policy. Delton argues that the NAM initially promoted voluntary efforts at integrating the workplace and was neutral on prospective anti-discrimination law. This was in sharp contrast to the way the NAM had responded to the Wagner Act, continuing to oppose it well after its passage.
By the late s, manufacturing firms and some better-off African-Americans had begun to leave central cities, leading to the emergence of increasingly poor and isolated urban black communities. This development acted as a stimulus for the creation of new, cooperative programs in which government and business tried to employ more of the residents of these communities. For instance, President Johnson?